Alternate Earth Pantheons

Alternate Earth Pantheons

By Simon E. Phipp Copyright © 2002, 2005 Simon E. Phipp

Created on 1st January 2005
Last Modified on 1st January 2005

Contents



 

Introduction


The main difference between Alternate Earth and Glorantha is that we have a huge body of literature on Alternate Earth and very little on Glorantha. This means we have an enormous amount of information about the deities of the ancient cultures of Alternate Earth, far more than we have about the deities of Glorantha. This can be both a blessing and a curse. It is a blessing because we need only pick up a book on mythology to read a description of all of many of the ancient deities. It is a curse because we do not have a blank page to start with, we must follow the stories and legends that already exist.

How, then, do we start filling in the pantheons of Alternate Earth? The easiest way is to split the cultures into discrete Pantheons and then fill out the powers of the deities. However, this brought some problems to my attention, for these pantheons were obviously not as discrete as they first appeared. In fact, there are many deities common to the pantheons. How should we approach this problem and how to deal with it?

For instance, the Irish pantheon has Lir and Manannan mac Lir, both gods of the sea, the Welsh pantheon has Llyr and Manawyddan ap Llyr, both sea deities. The Irish have Nuada Silver Hand, the Welsh have Nudd Silver Hand, the Irish have the son god Lugh and the Welsh have the sun god Lleuw. The Irish have a legend of the Golden Apples of the Sun that bestow immortality, as do the Welsh, the Germanic peoples and the Greeks (Apollo went to the far north to find these). What do these similarities mean? Do they mean that the common Indo-European roots of these cultures have been preserved in the myths of the different peoples? Do they mean that the different cultures borrowed myths from the other cultures? Do they mean that these deities were worshipped by the different cultures in different ways? I prefer the last explanation, that each of the different cultures worshipped the same deity in different ways, forgetting some of the myths and only remembering those myths that affected their culture. So, an Irish worshipper of Lugh could regain his magic at a temple to Lleuw in Britain, and a British worshipper of Brigantia could regain her magic at an Irish temple to Brigit.

So, we have a series of deities that are spread across the whole of Europe, these are the original Celtic deities that were worshipped by the proto-celts. These deities include Lir, Manannan, Brigit, Nuada, Bile, Danu, Goibniu and The Primeval Cow. The Greeks knew of the Titans, vast primeval deities who ruled before the time of the Olympians. My personal opinion is that these primeval deities were common to the Greeks, the Celts and to the ancient people of Europe. We also have a number of magical items that are common to the cultures, these include the Golden Apples of the Sun, Cauldrons of Rebirth and Cauldrons of Plenty. For the purposes of Alternate Earth, I will be assuming that these are the same items that have been mentioned in more than one culture.

Where the deities are similar, in my opinion the same, I have used the same spells and skills. Where the deities are similar but different, I have used similar skills. After all, how many spear/shield wielding Celtic wargods do we really need?

As to ensuring that the legends of the cultures are consistent, this is a near impossible task. After all, how can we marry the legends of the Irish and the Greeks? They have different accounts of the origins of the earth and of the gods. However, we can make some assumptions that are practical for Alternate Earth. First, the deities existed and were worshipped in RuneQuest cults. Second, common elements in the mythology reflect shared elements. Third, legends of the origins of people are probably true, for the purposes of Alternate Earth. So, the Milesians did come from Spain and were probably the earliest Celts to reach Ireland. The Fir Bolg came from Thrace and were probably sea-borne settlers. The Britons did invade Ireland, but were forced back. Raiding between Britain and Ireland was common, as was raiding between Britain and Gaul.

This article is structured so that each deity references a link in the Deities Page which will open up in another window. If you click on another link, then the other window will move to the correct link. Another way to navigate is by using the alphabetic links in the Deities page to move between the deities, which are listed alphabetically. The deities in this article are not listed alphabetically. At some stage, I will correct this to make things slightly easier to find.
 


Germanic Pantheon

 

Deities

Aegir Hler
Angrboda
Audhumla/Audumia
Balder
Bragi
Earendel/Orvandil
Eostre
Fafnir
Fenris
Frey
Freya
Frigg/Frigga
Garm
Gefjan/Gefjon/Gefion
Heimdall
Hel
Hermodr
Hodur
Hoenir
Iduna
Ing
Kvasir
Loki
Mimir
Nanna
Nerthus
Njord/Niord
Woden/Odin/Wotan/Votan
Odrorir
Ran
Sif
Sigyn
Thor/Thunar/Donar
Tir/Tiw
Trow
Ullr
Vali
Valkyrie
Volla
Vor
Wayland/Wieland the Smith
Wyrd/Norns


Irish Pantheon

 

Formorians

People of Partholan

Nemedians

Formorians
Balor
Bres mac Alatha/mac Elatha
Elatha
Octrialach
Ruadan
Cenchos the Footless
Morc
Conann
Dealgnaid/Dalny
Sera
Partholon
Tuan mac Carill
Mach/Macha
Nemed

Fir Bolg

Tuatha de Danaan

Milesians

Firbolg
Sreng
Eochy mac Erc
Airmid
Caer Ibormeith
Cian mac Cainte
Credne/Credre
Anu/Danu
Dian Cecht/Dian-Cecht/Dianecht
Gobniu/Goibhui/Goibniu/Gobhan Saor/Gobhan Suor
Luchtar
Lug /Lugh
Morfessa
Esras
Nuada Silver Hand
Ogma
Angus/Angus mac Og/Aengus/Oengus
The Dagda
Brigit/Brigid
Eriu
Miach
Semias
Tailtiu
Uscias
Aed mac Lir
Aobh
Aoife
Ard-Greimne
Manamman mac Lir/Manannan mac Lir/Manannan Mac Lir
Aonbarr
Lir/Ler
Aine
Mangan
Mongan
Niamh
Mac Cecht
Milesians
Ith
Moriath
Miled/Mil/Milesius
Craiftine
Fand
Scoriath
Amergin
Annergis/Amergin
Eber
Eremon
Tigernmas
Crom Cruach
Ollav Fola
Scota

Primeval Deities

Miscellaneous

Later Deities

Anu
Bile
Sheela na Gig/Sheila na Cioch
Trefuilngid Tre-Eochair
Neit/Net
Cailleach Bheare
Donn
Cuimhne
Fintan/Finton
Fodla
Mor
Assipattle
Badb
Banba
Bladud
Boand
Cliodhna
Easal
Elcmar
Flaitheas
Flanthean
Gan-Ceann / Gan-Geann
Mechi
Morrigan
Nechtan
Nemhglan/Nemglan
Aoife
Cathbad
Scathach
Sceanbh
Rigru Roisclethan
Conn Cetchathach
Segda Saerlbraid
Dubh
Flidais

Ulster Cycle

Ossianic Cycle

Heroes

Nessa
Ailill mac Matach
Medb
Anluan
Ardan
Ainle
Bricriu
Cu Chulainn
Blanaid/Blathnat
Cu Roi mac Daire
Fercetrniu
Finnbhenach
Caoilte mac Ronan
Creidne
Finn mac Cumhaid/Fionn mac Cumhal /Finn mac Cool
Oisin
Diarmuid Ua Duibhne
Aideen
Irnan
Art
Coichend
Grainne
Giolla Deacair
Goll mac Morna
Murine
Mog Ruith
Maelduine
Conaire Mess  Buachalla
Conall Cernach
Conan Maol
Conchobar mac Nessa
Conganchas mac Daire
Conlaoch
Bran mac Febel
Niall of the Nine Hostages
Cairenn

Otherworld Creatures

The Sidhe

Legendary Places

Speir-Bhean
Merrow/Murdhuacha
Aes Sidhe
Aoibhell
Leanan Sidhe
Midir
Bodb
Dubhlaing
Tir Na mBeo
Tir na n'Og
Tir Tairngire
Tor na mBan
Hy Breasil
Mag Mell
Mag Mor
The Sidhe

 


Welsh Pantheon

 

Deities

Bran the Blessed
Amatheon
Arawn
Arianrhod
Beli Mawr
Blodeuwedd
Caradawc
Caswallawn
Ceridwen
Cigfa
Creiddylad
Creirwy
Custennin
Diwrnach/Dyrnwch
Don
Dylan
Efnissien
Fflur
Gilfaethwy
Glewlwyd Gafaelfawr
Goewin
Gofannon/Govannan
Goleuddydd
Gronw Pebr
Gwawl
Gwyddno Garanhir
Gwydion
Gwynn ap Nudd
Gwythyr ap Gredawl
Hafgan
Hefaidd hen
Llassar llaes Gwfnewid
Llefelys
Llew Llaw Gyffes
Llewd ap Cil Coed
Lludd/Nudd/Nodens
Llyr
Mabon
Manawyddan
Math
Matholwch
Modron
Pryderi
Pwyll
Rhiannon/Rigantona
Taliesin
Teyrnon Turf Liant
Wild Herdsman 

The Goddoddin

People

Otherworld Creatures

Erthal
Gelorwydd
Gwyglet
Elena
Maxen Wledig
Culhwch
Llwch Llawwyanawc/Lleminawc/Llenllawc
Afanc
Bwca
Cwn Annwn
Cyhreath
Fferyllt
Gwaragedd Annwyn
Gwrach y Rhibyn

Places

   
Annwn    


Scottish Pantheon

 

Deities

Heroes

Otherworld Creatures

Cailleach Bheur
Fir Chlis
Sluagh
Tam Lin
Lailoken Bodach
Brollachan
Brownies
Caesg
Cath Sith
Crodhmara
Cu Sith
Each Uisge
Fuath
Gruagach
Kelpie
Muilearteach
Seelie-Court
Selie
Unseelie Court


British Pantheon

 

Deities

Coventina
Albanactus
Andraste
Arnmetia
Belatucadros
Belenos
Black Annis
Brigantia
Brut
Camber
Camulos
Cathubodua
Cocidius
Coventina
Gog/Magog
Herne
Jack in the Green
Latis
Mab
Nodens
Ratis
Sul/Sulis
Veteris

 


British Christian Pantheon


These are saints that were known to the British Celts around the time of Arthur. There were more saints known at that time, but I am not sure how many were revered by the people of the British Isles. I have not given many of these saints skills or spells, simply because I do not have access to any Lives of these saints, so I don't know what miracles they performed. Also, many saints were credited with miracles after they died, especially if they were martyrs. If anyone can tell me of their miracles, I would appreciate it and would credit those who have helped.
 
 
 

British Saints

Irish Saints

Scottish Saints

St. Alban
St. Carannog
St. Collen
St. David/Dewi
St Defel/Derfel Cadarn
St Dwyn/Dwyu/Donwenna/Dwynwen
St Efflam
St Illtyd
St Madrun/Matriana
St Mylor
St Padern/Paternus
St Petrog/Pedrog
St. Attracta/Araght
St. Brendan
St. Brigid
St. Gobhnet
St Patrick
St Columba/Columcille
St Kenneth/Cainnech/Canice
St Kentigern

Breton Saints

Other Saints

 
St Samson St. Andrew
St.George
St Joseph of Arimathaea
St. Michael
 


Deities of The Celts

Celtic Pantheon (General, not specific to an area)

 

General Deities

Cornish Pantheon

Gaulish Pantheon

Camulos
Cernunnos
Epona
Nemetona

Spirits

Washer at the Ford 

Spirits

Spriggans
Lugus
Ogmios
Maponos
Sucellos
Taranis
Mocus
Nantosuelta

Manx Pantheon

   
Cabyll-Ushtey
Caillagh ny Groamach

Spirits

Buggane
Ferrishyn
Foawr
Glaistyn
   

 


Roman Britain

 

Deities

   
Maponus
Rosmerta
Silvanus
   

 

[End]